Located on the north eastern coast of Central America, Belize is bordered to the north by Mexico, the South and West by Guatemala and to the East by the Caribbean Sea. It’s mainland is approximately 180 miles long and 68 miles wide and its population of less than 350,000 inhabitants means it possesses the lowest population density in Central America. Belize is covered by over 60% of forest and the Belize Barrier Reef System both constitutes a UNESCO-recognised World Heritage Site and the second largest barrier reef in the world.
The British parliamentary system gives the basis of the governmental structure in Belize. It is a democratic state and Belize is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.
At the moment Belize is rules by the Queen, Elizabeth II. She is presenting as governor-general, but she is advised by the Prime Minister of Belize which led the cabinet.
Belize has a small but expanding economy. The main export products of Belize are petroleum and crude oil, agriculture, agro-based industry, and merchandising, with tourism and construction recently assuming greater importance.
The main language in Belize is English, although Kriol and Spanish are more commonly spoken.
Belize has a tropical climate with pronounced wet and dry seasons, although there are significant variations in weather patterns by region. Temperatures vary according to elevation, proximity to the coast, and the moderating effects of the northeast trade winds off the Caribbean. Average temperatures in the coastal regions range from 24 °C (75.2 °F) in January to 27 °C (80.6 °F) in July. Temperatures are slightly higher inland. Overall, the seasons are marked more by differences in humidity and rainfall than in temperature.