Peru has so much more than meets the eye and few explorers have seen its remote destinations. Peru has a collection of some of the finest natural wonders in the world such as spectacular volcanic scenery and mountains as well as a unique coastline.
Peru is located in South America on the west coast, bordering the Pacific Ocean. It has an area of over 1,200,000 square kilometres which is slightly smaller than the area of Alaska. The country sits between Chile and Ecuador as well as bordering Columbia, Brazil and Bolivia. Peru’s terrain varies in to three main regions; the western coastal plain (costa), the high and rugged Andes in centre (sierra) and the eastern lowland jungle of Amazon Basin (selva). Peru- with Bolivia shares control of what is interestingly the world’s highest lake: Lake Titicaca.
Peru’s foreign affairs have been dominated by conflict with neighbouring countries; however most of these disputes were resolved in the 20th century. Peruvian politics is relatively stable with Peru being a presidential representative democratic republic. There is a multi party system in Peru and voting is compulsory for anyone between 18 and 70.
Despite recent growth Peru’s economic performance has been inconsistent. It has abundant mineral reserves in mountainous areas as well as rich costal fishing waters. However due to over overdependence on metals and mineral trading Peru is subject to fluctuations in world prices. As well as fishing and mining, tourism is the country’s third largest industry, with government figures show that there is a 95% satisfaction rate from tourists who visit Peru. Peru’s economy recently has shown more stability with steady growth and low inflation figures.
In Peru the first language is Spanish; spoken by 84% of the population. Several other indigenous languages exist, but the one most commonly spoken second to Spanish is Quechua- about 13% of the population speak this language. Both Spanish and Quechua are official Peruvian languages.
The main religion in Peru is derived from the Spanish conquest, for that reason over 75% of the population is Roman Catholic.