Bird watching and trekking adventure discovering the marvelous national parks dotted across the island, full of opportunities to see a number of fascinating birds. Discover this wonderful place along with the array of wildlife you will find on your adventure.
This trip aims to provide you with some of the best bird watching to be had in Sulawesi, Indonesia an area that boasts one of the largest endemic bird populations on earth with the main island of Sulawesi being home to no less than 12 endemic genera and over 40 endemic species. A further 56 species are endemic to the Sulawesi sub-region which covers the neighbouring islands of Sula and Banggai. However most can be found on the main island. Birdwatchers who visit this mysteriously K-shaped island are guaranteed to find a host of new and unusual species.
In addition to a rich bird life Sulawesi is home to nearly 80 endemic mammals such as the unique dwarf buffalo known as the Anoa, a curious pig known as the Babirusa, the Spectral Tarsier, the Sulawesi Bear Cuscus and the Crested Black Macaque that is found in the Tangkoko Nature Reserve.
The island boasts eight national parks of which four are forested, with the others covering marine areas. In order to see the widest selection of species present we visit three of the four national parks. They are the and Lore Lindu National Park in Central Sulawesi, Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park on the Northern Peninsula and the Tangkoko Nature Reserve.
SULAWESI BIRDING AND TREKKING EXPLORER ITINERARY
DAY 1: INTERNATIONAL ARRIVAL IN JAKARTA
Arrival at Soekarno Hatta International Airport in Jakarta where our guide will be waiting to catch another flight to Makassar. Transfer to your hotel for rest.
DAY 2: KAREENTA FOREST – PALU – LORE LINDU NATIONAL PARK
You will begin the day birding early morning in Karaenta forest to find the key species of the park; Black-ringed White-eye Sulawesi Streaked Flycatcher and while-vented Myna. After this, you will drive to the airport for a short flight to Palu. The trip continues with a minibus ride which will take 3-4 hours to get to Lore Lindu National Park. Birding along the way.
Lore Lindu National Park (2290 square kilometers) has the majority of (80%) of Sulawesi’s endemic birds. The park has an altitude of 2,350 meters above sea level and includes spectacular mountain rainforest around Mount Rorekatimbu. The lowland forest in the park is in poor condition and therefore the higher-altitude areas are best for birding. Some of the key birds to look out for are the Fiery-browed Starling and the unparalleled Purple-bearded Bee Eater, the Sulawesi Woodcock, Geomalia, Great Shortwing, and Crimson-crowned Flowerpecker. The Giant Civet with it huge paws, that enables it to climb trees and seek out the Sulawesi hornbills, is also found here.
DAY 3-4: BIRDING AT LORE LINDU NATIONAL PARK
Two days birding along Anaso track and the lake Tambing to see montane species such as Geomalia, Great Shortwing, Purple-Bearded Bee-Eater, Diabolical Nightjar, Grey-headed Imperial Pigeon, Rufous-throated Flycatcher, Blue-fronted Flycatcher, Maroon-backed Whistler, Malia, Olive-flanked Whistler, Sulphur-bellied Whistler, Streak-headed Dark-eye, Sulawesi Thrush, Small Sparrow-hawk, Red-eared Fruit-dove, Chestnut-backed Bush-warbler, Sulawesi Lesser Honey-eater, Rusty-bellied Fantail, Greater Honey-eater, Moutain Serin and Cinnabar Boobook. We will send part of the day birding along Padaeha roadside and Salibu forest for a good view of Yellow-and-Green Lorikeet, Ornate Lorikeet, Sulawesi Goshawk and Sulawesi Blue Flycatcher.
DAY 5: LORE LINDU NATIONAL PARK- PALU
Continue birding in the Park to find species that we have missed. Return to your accommodation to pack stuff. The trip continues driving down to Palu- Birding on rice fields at Oloboju Pale- headed Munia, Blue-tailed bee- eater, White-shouldered Triller and Savana Nightjar. If there is enough time, we will take time to discover more birds on salt ponds- seeing shore birds
DAY 6: PALU- GORONTALO
After breakfast, transfer to the airport for your flight to Gorontalo via Makassar. You will be given the opportunity to spend a few days discovering mammals in Nantu Nature reserve, Pinembani Forest and Watumohai National Park.
DAY 7-12: NANTU NATURE RESERVE – WATUMOHAI NATIONAL PARK – PINEMBANI FOREST
After breakfast, we drive around 5-6 hours to the park for view a range of mammals to Nantu Nature reserve. Babirusa (Pig-deers) and Anoe (Dwarf Buffalo) are two examples of the endangered animals that can be seen in the park. Other places we can discover that you will have the chance to see endangered mammals including Rawaopa at Watumohai National Park in South-East Sulawesi and Pinembani forest on Gawalise Mountain, Central Sulawesi.
DAY 13-14: BOGANI NANI WARTABONE NATIONAL PARK
Drive to Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park for two days of exploring endemic species formerly known as Dumoga Bone. Continue to Tambun where you will have the chance to see Maelo and its nesting grounds, We will continue birding along Molibagu roadside. After lunch, we will continue birding on Toraut Forest and here we will find speckled Boobook and there will be a good opportunity to see Raptors, Hornbills and Racquet-tails.
Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park comprises 3000 square kilometres of protected tropical jungle from sea level to middle altitudes within Sulawesi. A must see species here is the Maleo- a ground dweller that is famous for laying its eggs volcanically heated soil to incubate its eggs. Other must see birds of this national park are the Sulawesi Serpent Eagle, Sulawesi Hawk Eagle, Knobbed and Sulawesi Hornbills and Purple-winded Roller and the Golden-mantled and Yellow-breasted Racquet-Tails.
DAY 15: BOGANI NANI WARTABONE NATIONAL PARK – KOTAMUBAGU
After breakfast, we will pack up our stuff and the trip continues, driving to Kotamubagu. Birding along the way. Tonight we will see if we can see the Sulawesu Masked Owl roosting over Durian trees.
DAY 16: KOTAMUBAGU – GUNUNG AMBANG
Wake up early in the morning then driver to Sinsingon village, which is a gateway to Gunung Ambang. Birding along the trail, this section is a bit muddy and there might be heavy rain. Today we aim to discover target species such as the Scaly-breasted Kingfisher and Matinan Flycatcher. We then return to the hotel to have lunch and continue driving for to Doloduo.
DAY 17: GUNUNG AMBANG – DOLODUO – TOMOHON (MINAHASA HIGHLAND)
We continue birding in the park, then our journey continues driving 4-6 hours to Tomohon. Afternoon birding in Mahawu forest to see the Scaly-breasted Kingfisher as we might have missed it at Gunung Ambang. The Diabolical Nightjar should be seen within this forest.
DAY 18: TOMOHON – TANGKOKO NATURE RESERVE
After breakfast we pack our stuff. The trip continues, driving to Tangkoko Nature Reserve in Bitung, Manado. Birding along the way (if possible)
The Tangkoko Nature Reserve is home to 9 kingfisher species and home to the rare Red-backed Thrush and the Small Sulawesi Hanging Parrot as well as the opportunity to see one of Sulawesi’s most curious mammals- the Spectral Tarsier.
DAY 19-20: TANGKOKO NATURE RESERVE
Two days of birding in the park to look for targets species such as Red-backed Thrush, Lilac-cheeked Kingfisher, Green-backed Kingfisher, Rubby Kingfisher, Knobbed Hornbill, Red-bellied Pitta, Spot-tailed Goshawk Purple-winged Roller, Sulawesi Babbler, Blue-backed Parrot, Yellow-breasted Racquet-tail, Isabelline Bush-hen, Sulawesi Nightjar, Tabon Scrubfowl, Large Hanging Parrot and Pygmy Hanging Parrot, Sulawesi Dwarf Kingfisher, Ochre-bellied Boobook, Pied Cuckoo-shrike, Sulawesi Triller, White-bellied Imperial Pigeon, Silver-tipped Imperial Pigeon Sulawesi Cicadabird, Sulawesi Hawk-eagle, Sulawesi Serpent Eagle and Sulawesi Short Crested Myna. We will spend part of the day on an outrigger boat trip across mangrove forest to see Black-billed Kingfisher, White-rumped Cuckoo-shrike and shore birds. In the evening you’ll be introduced for nocturnal primate or Tarsier called Tarsius spectrum that can be found only in the North Sulawesi only.
DAY 21-22: TANGKOKO NATURE RESERVE – LEMBEH ISLAND
Birding early in the morning in the park to look for target species that might have still been missed. Back to the accommodation to pack stuff, then the trip continues driving 15 minutes to Bitung city. Cross to Lembeh Island for some relaxing before the flight back home
DAY 23: LEMBEHA – JAKARTA AIRPORT AND DEPARTURE
After breakfast, cross back to the Main Island and transfer to the Airport of Manado for fly Jakarta for you International Departure back home.