USA Country Information
United States of America
About the USA
Located in North America, all the states with the exception of Alaska are south of Canada. The USA is bordered by Mexico and Canada, sandwiched between the two. With an area of 9,826,675 km² and a population of roughly 316 million inhabitants, the USA is covered in cities, small towns, dessert and farmland to say a few. There are also some beautiful lakes and of course National Parks and forests.
The United States is a federal constitutional republic in which the President, currently Barack Obama (Democrat) is both the head of state and the head of government. Congress and Judiciary share powers reserved to the national government, and the federal government shares sovereignty with the state governments. The USA has to main dominating parties, the Democratic Party and the Republican Party as well as independent parties.
The United States of America is the world’s largest national economy, representing 22.4% of nominal global GDP and 16.6% of global GDP. The United States’ GDP was estimated to be $17.535 trillion as of Q3 2014. The U.S. dollar is the currency most used in international transactions and is the world’s foremost reserve currency.
There is no main language due to an increase in multiculturalism and diversity but the most common used language is English. Spanish takes up around 12.5% of the country. Approximately 337 languages are spoken or signed by the population, of which 176 are indigenous to the area. Fifty-two languages formerly spoken in the country’s territory are now extinct.
Due to its size, the weather conditions vary. In the desert areas bordering Mexico as well as Florida, it is more humid whereas the northernmost states will experience very cold winters.